How to Match Your Tires to the Right Rim Size

If you’re in the market to change rim sizes or you want to change tire size for your vehicle, you may wonder where to start. After all, it has to be a precise fit, and those numbers can certainly get confusing. For instance, a tire size that reads 225/60R16 means the tire itself is 225 millimeters wide, the sidewall height is 60 and the center hole diameter totals 16 inches.

You only need two out of those three measurements to fit the tire to the rim: section width and center hole diameter.

Step 1: Place the rim up-right, like it was mounted to a vehicle.

Step 2: Going from inside of one bead (lip of the rim) to the inside of the other, measure the width of the rim.

Step 3: Multiply width (in inches) by 25.4 (total mm per inch). This will provide you with the first number in your tire size. You can add up to 10 mm to the width. Measure the height of the rim, rounding down for diameter.

Reading a Rim Size

All rims have three common sizes that have been stamped on the back part of the hub. These sizes are the most important in figuring out if the rim will accommodate the tire; but there are two other, equally important, measurements that you should know about.

Step 1: Find the size on the back of the hub, which will be broken out into diameter, width and bolt pattern. Let’s take a 14 by 6 by 4.5 reading: the diameter is 14 inches, the width is six inches and the 4.5 indicates the bolt pattern, which will tell you whether that particular rim will fit your car.

Step 2: Use a measuring tape to determine the rim width, diameter and bolt pattern if you can’t find the stamp.

Step 3: Write all measurements down before you forget them.

Step 4: Take a look at the backspace and offset of the rim, which are other indicators of whether that particular rim will work with your tire and car.

Step 5: Call a professional. If all this sounds like too much work, call your local trusted mobile tire repair shop. I&I Tires can install new tires on any kind of rim you may have. In fact, we carry many brands to fit all budgets, including Michelin, Continental, Pirelli and Firestone. We’re always running promotions on all the major brands. We will determine the rim size and tire you need and match everything up perfectly!

Contact I&I Tires

If you’re looking for help determining tire size and rim size, no worries. Just contact us in Atlanta at 678-284-2006 or Smyrna at 404-920-0278 to schedule an appointment. We have many brand new and used tires in stock and can help you ensure the tires match your rims.

Pre-Road Trip Tire Safety Checklist

If you’re heading out on a road trip soon, it’s vital that you do a thorough tire check beforehand to boost your safety as well as your fuel economy. The following tire check tips should be done monthly, but also right before you take a road trip in the car. You don’t want to experience a flat tire while away from home, or worse, a blowout while on the highway. Be safe and heed these tips.

1.  Check Tire Pressure

Air pressure is critically important in the life of your tires. Ensuring proper pressure levels will extend your tire’s service life span as well as keep you safe on the road. It’s a fact that tires lose pressure over time. Under-inflation makes the tire flex more and build up heat that can result in tire failure. Underinflated tires can wear out faster and be less fuel-efficient.

Inflate your tires to the correct pressure, which is usually written on a sticker on the driver’s side door jamb. It’s best to check pressure when the tires are cold, so wait till your car has been parked for a few hours. Don’t forget to check the spare tire pressure too! Don’t wait for a light to come on your dashboard – by the time you get an alert from your car’s tire-pressure monitoring system, the situation has become urgent and you may have already lost 25 percent.

2.  Check Tread Depth

You’ll need a quarter for this experiment. Put the quarter upside down in one of the grooves. If you’re able to view all of Washington’s head, you need new tires.

3.  Inspect Sidewalls

Your wheels may have hit potholes, curbs, and other objects, leaving bulges and cuts in your tires. This is a sign you need to get your tire replaced.

4.  Think About Age

Check the date code for when each tire was made. On the lower sidewall, look for “DOT” followed by a bunch of numbers, the last four of which will tell you the year of manufacture. It’s recommended that you replace tires after six years of use. Once the 10-year mark hits, you should replace the tires no matter what the wear looks like.

If you’re unsure whether your tires are in road-worthy condition, consult with a tire specialist for safety. Before heading out on a road trip this summer, call us for a tire inspection, change or repair for your peace of mind.

Contact I&I Tires

If you’re heading out on a road trip and want to be safe with new tires, contact us in Atlanta at 678-284-2006 or Smyrna at 404-920-0278 to schedule an appointment.

Things to Consider When Buying New Tires

Faced with buying new tires? It can be an overwhelming experience, to be sure. Tires are a big investment, after all. Plus, there are countless brands, types and sizes out there to choose from. This can all get pretty confusing. So, how do you know which type of tire to go with?

Before taking the plunge, ask yourself these questions:

  • What type of tires does my specific vehicle need?
  • How many miles do I want my tires to last?
  • What’s my budget?
  • Should I replace all the tires or upgrade only the ones that need it?

Most of today’s vehicles come with all-season tires, but there are some distinctions for older tires, or for those who live in cold climates. For those needs, you can opt to put on winter or snow tires to navigate in icy and snowy conditions, providing better traction than summer or all-season tires.

Let’s go over some of the categories:

Summer Tires

These really should be called “three-season” tires, providing dry- and wet-weather traction in warm to moderate weather. These tires will ensure a better steering response, boost cornering traction and help you bring your vehicle to a stop more efficiently. They work best at temperatures over 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Any lower than that and they can get skittish and inconsistent, losing some of their grip which may make them shaky on wet roads.

Winter Tires

Offering maximum traction in snowy and slippery conditions, so-called snow tires offer unparalleled stopping and turning capabilities. They work best in cold weather but don’t work as well when the weather turns warm. It’s recommend you use your summer tires throughout the other three seasons, and put on winter tires for the cold weather.

Tire Size

It’s helpful to know the tire size and speed rating of your vehicle. Also, think about how many miles you typically drive and how much you want to get out of any new set that you buy, known as tread wear. You should be able to get this info from the tire’s sidewall or from your owner’s manuals.

Speed Rating

This is an indication of how fast the tires can go safely for long periods of time. In general, tires for high-performance cars have a higher speed rating than sedans and SUVs.

Tread Wear

Consider the treadwear rating and the tire mileage warranty. You’ll find the tread wear rating on the sidewall after “treadwear.” The higher the number, the longer lasting the tire will be. Another way of determining tire life is to take a look at the manufacturer’s tread life warranty.

Contact I&I Tires

Contact us at 678-403-8029 if you have questions about switching out your tires. We will gladly recommend which set would be best for your particular vehicle.

What Happens When Your Car’s Tires Sit Idle in One Spot for Too Long?

flatspotting

This is called flatspotting. Essentially, this is just what it sounds like: your tires will develop flat spots if they sit in one place for too long, especially out in the cold. They will spread out and flatten in the area where they are touching the pavement. When it’s cold out, the rubber will get stiff and the flat spots will remain even after you drive off. You may hear a bumping sound.

So what do you do if this happens?Often, they will work out on their own as you keep driving and the tires warm up. Tires are pretty flexible, and will probably get back to normal within about 10 to 15 minutes. Sometimes, though, those flat spots can be permanent, especially in the case of a very heavy vehicle that’s parked for extended periods of time, such as a truck.

Tips to Avoid Flatspotting

Heed these tips to avoid flatspotting on your vehicle’s tires.

  • Ensure proper air pressure in your tires at all time. When they don’t have enough air in them, they can’t handle the load as well.
  • Don’t park your vehicle on a cold surface for several weeks at once, especially one that’s loaded heavily with stuff.
  • For extremely heavy loads, jack up your vehicle, which will alleviate pressure from the tires.
  • Start up your vehicle and drive it around every now and then. This will keep fluids circulating and ensure systems like the transmission and brakes stay well lubricated. Moving your vehicle periodically will guard against tire deterioration, flat spots and bubbles.
  • Visit your trusted tire repair mechanic if you notice any flatspotting or other issues. 

Which Types of Tires are Prone to Flatspotting?

You would think that cheap tires would be more likely to fall victim to this. However, in many cases, high-performance tires are the ones guilty of this. Why? They are softer than other types of tires, manufactured to hug the roads and corners at high speeds.

High performance tires are more flexible, which makes them prone to flattening when in one spot for too long. They also have wider footprints, which means they are more sensitive to the road’s temperature fluctuations.

Why Take Care of Your Tires?

Remember, your tires are your connection to the surface of the road. Without quality tires, you risk your safety as well as the integrity of the vehicle. When you treat your tires with TLC, they will reward you with money savings on gas, resulting in a smoother, safer ride for all occupants.

On top of all that, your tires impact the way in which your vehicle can steer, brake and grip the road. Keep it at the proper air pressure, balance, tread depth, and alignment for the safest and most cost effective results possible.  

When you leave your car unused for long periods of time, you risk issues with the tires, to be sure, but also with the battery and braking systems.  

Always keep in mind that tires kept in poor condition are dangerous and could result in serious accidents and injuries.

Contact I&I Tires

Contact us today for a free quote on tire repair or mobile tire service in Atlanta GA if you notice flatspotting, bubbling or any other issues.

What Happens if I Don’t Rotate My Tires?

It’s important to never skip a tire rotation. This chore can easily be forgotten about, but your trusted mechanic or tire shop should take care of this for you. Here’s why you should stay on top of regular tire rotations, usually done at every other oil change.

What is a Tire Rotation?

While it may be the most neglected of all vehicle maintenance tasks, it’s recommended by all car manufacturers as a way of managing tire tread wear. This encompasses all the grating, scraping and scouring that occurs to your tread while your tires carry your vehicle over rough surfaces and roads. During a standard tire rotation, each tire will be moved to a different position on the axles. It’s this shuffle that will help your tires wear more evenly.

Most manufacturers recommend a tire rotation every 7,500 miles or six months.

Importance of Rotating Tires

When you rotate your tires regularly, you are doing your part to support even tread wear, which improves handling, reduces noise and vibration, extends the life of the tire, and protects your tire warranty. With regular rotation, you won’t need a new set of tires as frequently and you also get a much better driving experience.

What Happens if I Don’t Rotate My Tires?

If you neglect regular rotations, the tire tread will wear down unevenly, which creates a rough and unstable driving surface. This decreases your safety while on the road due to heat buildup, poor traction in ice and snow, hydroplaning, and a higher risk of blowouts and punctures.

Heat Buildup

When your car is driving along, the friction that develops between your tires and the road will generate heat. Sure, tires are built to withstand high heat, but if the treads don’t get the space they need to enable cool airflow, temperatures can hit unsafe levels. Too much heat results in tire failures, such as tread separation and blowouts.

Hydroplaning

Those deep grooves in a healthy-treaded tire work to channel water away from the road surface, enabling the tire to keep a firm grip on the road. Without enough tread depth, tires tend to skim across the water’s top, which compromises your steering, control and handling.

Poor Traction

With deeper, sharper, wider and more irregular treads, snow tires will improve traction because they grip into packed snow. When driving in winter conditions fraught with insufficient tread depths, this increases your risk of sliding or spinning out.

Blowouts and Punctures

If you fail to rotate your tires, certain spots on a particular tire that experience excessive strain may begin to thin out. The thinner that spot gets, the higher the risk that a nail, piece of glass, or sharp rock can poke a hole in the tire.

The advantages of regular tire rotation certainly outweigh the risks of skipping this task!

Contact I&I Tires

Get in touch with us at 678-403-8029 to book your appointment for a tire rotation.

5 Car Parts Pot Holes Can Damage

Car damage from potholes is extremely common during the fall in Atlanta. You’ll want to regularly inspect your tires for bulges, suspension problems, and body damage after driving over a particularly nasty pothole.

You may encounter dozens of potholes on your way to work every day, and you can only avoid them for so long. You are bound to hit one eventually, and that can seriously damage your vehicle.

How Potholes Form

Potholes are basically road imperfections that occur when soil that is compacted underneath pavement gets displaced or weakened. Roads tend to form potholes in winter and spring, when ice and running water being to disrupt the pavement’s base layers. As more and more cars drive over such weak spots, the pavement will start to deform, crack and chip away, leaving a hole in its wake. Potholes start off fairly small, but will grow as more and more traffic hits them, until they get deep enough and large enough to damage a car or truck.

Common Car Parts to Get Damaged by Potholes

  • Tires: Tires are literally where the rubber meets the road, so pothole damage is very common, forming sidewall bulges, flats and tread separation. This is because potholes have a hard edge that can compress the tire against the wheel during an impact, snapping the belts or slicing the rubber. Vehicles with low-profile tires are especially prone to pothole damage. Make sure your tires are always properly inflated to help avoid the above issues.
  • Wheels: Hard pothole angles tend to apply impact force to wheels, which leads to bends, chips, and cracks. A bent wheel doesn’t roll smoothly and can’t form an airtight seal with the tire. You’ll know you have a chip because they resemble a chunk that’s missing from the rim where it joins the tire. Cracks can show themselves in subtle hairline fractures around the wheel circumference or within a spoke.
  • Suspension: Your car’s suspension system is meant to absorb impacts and give you a smooth ride, but it can only handle so much. Jarring, sudden hits against potholes can result in misalignment, broken ball joints, and damaged struts or shocks.
  • Exhaust: Your exhaust pipes run along the car’s undercarriage, an unfortunate target for potholes. Deep ones can even cause your car to bottom out and then scrape against the pavement. This will dent or rip a hole in the muffler, exhaust pipes or catalytic converter.
  • Body: Potholes can scrape up against low-hanging side skirts or bumpers in low-riders. Typically, this type of damage is cosmetic and won’t affect safety or performance, but if the appearance of your vehicle is a high priority for you, you will need to ensure the utmost proper handling of your car.

Thankfully, most potholes aren’t deep enough or big enough to pose a threat to your vehicle. You can combat possible damage from potholes by making sure your tires are properly inflated and your suspension correctly aligned, your vehicle should take most moderate potholes in stride. Just be sure to stay alert on the roadways and avoid them the best you can.

Contact I&I Tires

Pothole got you stranded on the side of the road? Schedule your mobile tire inspection, replacement or repair with us today at 678-403-8029.

Tire Replacement Guide: Why and When You Should Replace Your Tires

Knowing the health of your tires isn’t as daunting as you may think. Usually, determining when it’s time to do a tire replacement simply takes a quick look with a discriminating eye. But that being said, you have to know what you’re looking for. Here are some tips on how to accurately assess your tires.

When to Replace Your Tires

Tire Wear: All tires will experience wear at some point. How each tire wears can signal an issue with your tire pressure or alignment. Your tire tread should be wearing evenly over the whole tire instead of just on the inside or outside. Wear happens regardless of how good or bad of a driver you are, but it can be accelerated if you neglect proper care.

Tire Age: This happens when tire components, including the rubber, change over time, due to environmental impacts, storage conditions, as well as the amount of usage the tire gets when driven, or how long the tire has been sitting with no use at all. So how do you know how old a tire is? Each tire is marked with the week and year it was made. Experts say you should replace passenger and truck/SUV tires between six and 10 years old.

Why Replace Your Tires?

Taking good care of your vehicle and preventing costly mistakes aren’t the only reasons to change out your tires regularly. Tires also happen to be a vital part of your vehicle’s safety.

Worn or old tires can lead to these problems:

  • Compromised road grip because of worn-down tread
  • Blowouts that cause you to crash or leave you stranded
  • Difficulty braking and stopping effectively

On top of that, uneven wheel alignment and balance issues will lead to irregular tire wear, causing expensive problems for your car.

Factors That Cause Damage to Tires

Many factors lead to necessary tire replacement, including:

  • Tire design by the manufacturer (some are built to last 70,000 miles while others are only built to last 40,000)
  • Neglect of basic tire maintenance (checking the air pressure, rotating tires, checking for visible wear, etc.)
  • Failure to use the right tires for uses and terrains.
  • Potholes, curbs, obstacles, sharp objects, and speed bumps
  • Climate conditions (extreme hot or cold can speed up wear and tear)
  • Excessive braking
  • Driving at high speeds for long periods of time

You should always be aware of your driving habits, environment, and tire condition to make sure you replace your tires when necessary.

Signs Tires Need to Be Replaced

  • Tread wear
  • Bubbles and bulges
  • Vibration
  • Sidewall cuts or cracks
  • Embedded nails or stones
  • Visible damage
  • Damaged valve caps

Contact I&I Tires

Not sure if your tires should be replaced? We can help you with that decision. Contact us in Smyrna or Atlanta today to make an appointment or get a free quote.

How to Choose the Right Tires for Towing a Trailer

There are many classifications used to describe a tire’s ability to maintain air pressure and carry weight. One of those is load range, which is represented by a letter (B, C, D, E, etc.); this shows you the durability of the tire, how much air it can hold, and how much weight it can safely carry.

The higher the load range, the heavier loads the tire can carry. You also have to consider the speeds. Some tires are rated for a max speed of 65 MPH. If you exceed this speed, you risk blowing a tire. Then, there are load range E tires designed for long-distance travels with a good amount of cargo.

The next factor to consider is load carrying capacity, which you need to pay special attention to if you plan on hauling/towing.

Gross axle weight rating (GAWR) is another thing to consider. This is max allowable weight you can place on a single axle, which you can find on the label inside the door frame near the door latch. The total load on each axle should never exceed the GAWR, which includes your vehicle’s weight, passenger weight, cargo weight and tongue weight. Keep in mind, trailers have their own separate GAWR.

Tow Vehicle

For your tow vehicle, you need to ensure a smooth ride and good traction. Look for tires featuring a soft sidewall that flexes under normal driving conditions, with excellent traction to easily handle acceleration, turning and braking. Passenger (P) tires provide the most comfort while driving and are more fuel efficient, LT (Light Truck) tires are better for heavy towing with more tread depth, with a heavier duty design for higher inflation pressures.

Trailer

Trailer tires don’t need to have a flexible sidewall, as load range and inflation pressure are more critical. In fact, when you have sidewall flexing on trailer tires, this can cause increased trailer sway.

You may want to consider ST (Special Trailer) tires for your trailer because they have engineered designs for heavier loads and higher inflation pressures, with stiff sidewalls to reduce trailer sway.

You must consider all of these factors when towing to make sure you have a safe trip. Tires are a major factor in all this, and you should take the time to find the right ones for your towing needs. Once you do, you’ll have to inspect them regularly for air loss, irregular wear and tear, sidewall cracks, and other signs of damage.

Replacement

Trailer tires never last as long as you want them to. Realistically, you will probably have to replace them every two to three years.

Blowing a tire while driving is no picnic, but blowing a tire when you’re towing is even scarier and more frustrating. It also puts you, your passengers, and other motorists at risk. Have a plan in place in case this happens!

Contact I&I Tires

If you blow a tire, either on your truck, trailer or RV, call our mobile tire service in Smyrna GA at 404-907-1493.

10 Benefits of Mobile Tire Replacement

If your tire bursts in the middle of a long drive, you want assurances that someone will be there to help you. Why walk two miles to the nearest auto repair shop when you can call us? Check out these 10 benefits of mobile tire replacement.

1.    Convenience

When you have 24/7 emergency roadside assistance available to you throughout the Atlanta area, you get peace of mind knowing you don’t have to go out of your way for help. Instead, a team is sent to your location right away.

2.     Peace of Mind

You really can’t put a price on peace of mind. Whether you’re setting out on a long drive or making the long commute into work every day, it’s comforting to know that a mobile tire replacement service is a phone call away.

3.     Reduced Accident Risk

It’s common for motorists to get hit by passing cars when attempting to change their own tire on the side of the road. It’s better to pull over to a safe area, stay inside the vehicle, and call our mobile tire replacement service. You will stay safe as you wait for us, without putting yourself or other motorists at risk.

4.     On-Site Diagnosis

On top of replacing your tires, our Atlanta mobile tire service also has the ability to diagnose other problems your vehicle may be experiencing. This, in turn, increases your safety, particularly during long trips.

5.    24/7 Availability

Getting a flat tie in the middle of the night is no picnic. It’s dark, it’s dangerous, and you’re likely scared about where to turn next. You need amobile tire service that is available 24/7 to service you no matter where you are.

6.     Cost-Effective Option

Getting your tire changed by a mobile service will cost you less than having to hire an emergency truck service to tow away your car. Before you call a towing service for immediate assistance, try our emergency roadside assistance instead.

7.     Other Roadside Services

On top of tire replacements, our mobile tire shop offers many other services you can take advantage of, such as fuel delivery, auto key replacement, lockout services, battery jumpstart, and more.

 

8.     Quick Service

A mobile roadside assistance service can get your problem fixed in no time so you can get back on the road quickly. No need to miss important appointments and errands, or waste your whole day in the shop.

9.     No Dirty Work

No need to soil your nice work clothes by changing your own tire on the side of the road. Let a pro do it so you can stay safe and clean.

10.  No Waits

Why wait around for hours on end before an auto shop truck decides to get to you? With mobile roadside assistance, you just have to wait a few minutes for a dispatch team to arrive.

Contact I&I Tires

To learn more about our mobile tire services, contact us in Smyrna GA at 404-907-1493.

5 Benefits of a Wheel Alignment

Wheel alignment is the process of ensuring the wheels of your vehicle are perpendicular to the road and that they stay parallel to one another – all of this while maintaining sustained pressure to guard against friction. You should get a wheel alignment every time your vehicle is serviced. At the time of wheel alignment, your technician can assess the condition of your tires and suggest new ones if necessary.

Here are the five top benefits of wheel alignment.

1.    Fuel Efficiency

When your car’s wheels are misaligned, the tires will drag, which results in lower gas mileage by up to 10 percent. Bottom line is, if your wheels aren’t aligned correctly, you’re spending more than you have to on fuel. Remember: regular wheel alignment can greatly increase fuel efficiency over time.

2.    Smoother Ride

Is your vehicle pulling to one side or the other? This is a sign that your wheels are out of place. You will notice vibrations, or a jarring or bumpy ride. With a proper wheel alignment, you get a smooth ride that offers a much better driving experience overall.

3.    Improved Steering

Do you find yourself having to hold the steering wheel at an angle to steer straight or to keep the car from going side to side? Again, your wheels could be out of alignment. This makes it harder to steer, resulting in more of a risk of getting in a car accident. With proper wheel alignment, you can steer with better control, putting safety at the forefront. 

4.    Fewer Auto Repairs

If you hit a pothole or a divot in the road, you can be causing more damage to your vehicle and suspension system if you have a poor alignment. Even the slightest bump or jolt can lead to costly problems. It’s wise to spend a little bit now on maintenance rather than a lot later because you neglected this critical task.

5.    Longer-Lasting Tires

When placed on misaligned wheels, your tires will wear prematurely and become uneven. Your tires are one of the most important safety features on a vehicle – you need good quality tires to keep you safe on the road. Regularly check for uneven wear on the tread. Be on the lookout for:

  • Tires start to look “feathered” (smooth or worn on one side with a sharp texture on the other).
  • Edges of your tire tread are looking more worn than in the middle.
  • One side of the tread blocks look like they are wearing more than the other, a symptom of the vibrations that come with misalignment.

It’s vital to have your tires aligned and balanced regularly – usually every 6,000 miles. This will lead to a longer lifespan for your tires and keep you safe while driving.

Contact I&I Tires

If you need new tires, contact us in Smyrna at 404-920-0278 or Atlanta at 678-284-2006 for a mobile appointment.